Neurometabolic Diseases Lab

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home Category Table Autophagy induction halts axonal degeneration in a mouse model of X-adrenoleukodystrophy. Acta Neuropathol. 2014 Dec 31. [Epub ahead of print]
E-mail Print PDF

Launay N, Aguado C, Fourcade S, Ruiz M, Grau L, Riera J, Guilera C, GirĂ²s M, Ferrer I, Knecht E, Pujol A. Autophagy induction halts axonal degeneration in a mouse model of X-adrenoleukodystrophy. Acta Neuropathol. 2014 Dec 31. [Epub ahead of print].

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a rare neurometabolic disease characterized by the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) due to a loss of function of the peroxisomal transporter ABCD1. Here, using in vivo and in vitro models, we demonstrate that autophagic flux was impaired due to elevated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, which contributed to X-ALD pathogenesis. We also show that excess VLCFAs downregulated autophagy in human fibroblasts. Furthermore, mTOR inhibition by a rapamycin derivative (temsirolimus) restored autophagic flux and inhibited the axonal degenerative process as well as the associated locomotor impairment in the Abcd1 - /Abcd2 -/- mouse model. This process was mediated through the restoration of proteasome function and redox as well as metabolic homeostasis. These findings provide the first evidence that links impaired autophagy to X-ALD, which may yield a therapy based on autophagy activators for adrenomyeloneuropathy patients.

Pdf: pdf button

Last Updated on Wednesday, 07 January 2015 15:34  

View My Stats